Contrast in Problem solving

During the heat of the space race in the 1960's, NASA decided it needed a ball point pen to write in the zero gravity confines of its space capsules. After considerable research and development, the Astronaut Pen was developed at a cost of about $1 million. The pen worked and also enjoyed some modest success as a novelty item back here on earth.

The Soviet Union, faced with the same problem, used a pencil.

Shahar Harel

Goddard Space Flight Center
Mission Operations & Data System Directorate
Nasa Communications (NASCOM) Division

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